Useful country information
Total area: 170 sq mi (440 sq km)
Population: 97,118 (2019), (growth rate: 1.25%); birth rate: 15.94/1000; infant mortality rate: 13.29/1000; life expectancy: 76.12
Capital and largest city (2011 est.): St. John's, 27,000
Other large cities: English Harbour, 2,900; Codrington (capital of Barbuda), est. pop. 870
Monetary unit: East Caribbean dollar
Languages: English (official), local dialects
Ethnicity/race: black 91%, mixed 4.4%, white 1.7%, other 2.9%
Religions: Protestant 76.4% (Anglican 25.7%, Seventh-Day Adventist 12.3%, Pentecostal 10.6%, Moravian 10.5%, Methodist 7.9%, Baptist 4.9%, Church of God 4.5%), Roman Catholic 10.4%, other Christian 5.4%, other 2%, none or unspecified 5.8% (2001 census)
National Holiday: Independence Day (National Day), November 1
Literacy rate: 99% (2011 est.)
They are part of the Leeward Islands in the West Indies. The island nation located in the eastern Caribbean Sea was populated by Amerindian tribes when Christopher Columbus "discovered" it in 1493. He named the island "Santa Maria de la Antigua".
Settlements by the Spanish and French were succeeded by the English who formed a colony in 1667. They established slavery to run the sugar plantations on Antigua.
Antigua and Barbuda became an independent nation in 1981, but it is still British in many of its traditions.
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