Useful country information
Land area: 16,684 sq mi (43,211 sq km); total area: sq mi (sq km)
Population (2022 est.): 1.329 million
Capital and largest city (2022 est.): Tallinn, 449,000
Tallinn: Capital City Profile
Other large city: Tartu, 100,100
Monetary unit:Euro, formerly Kroon
National name: Eesti Vabariik
Languages: Estonian (official) 68.5%, Russian 29.6%, Ukrainian 0.6%, other 1.2%, unspecified 0.1% (2011 est.)
Ethnicity/race: Estonian 68.7%, Russian 24.8%, Ukrainian 1.7%, Belarusian 1%, Finn 0.6%, other 1.6%, unspecified 1.6% (2011 est.)
National Holiday: Independence Day, February 24
Religions: Lutheran 9.9%, Orthodox 16.2%, other Christian (including Methodist, Seventh-Day Adventist, Roman Catholic, Pentecostal) 2.2%, other 0.9%, none 54.1%, unspecified 16.7% (2011 est.)
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Eastern Europe country bordering the Baltic Sea and Gulf of Finland, between Latvia and Russia.
As a result of centuries of Danish, Swedish, German, and Russian rule, the idea of an independent Estonian state had already been raised in the late 19th century and came true in 1918 when Estonia attained independence from the Russian Empire. Forcibly incorporated into the USSR in 1940, it regained its freedom in 1991, with the collapse of the Soviet Union. Since the last Russian troops left in 1994, Estonia has been free to promote economic and political ties with Western Europe. Since April 2004 Estonia is a member of NATO and member of the European Union since May 2004.
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