International phone code for Costa Rica: +506
Standard EAN-13 (country barcode): 744
Useful country information
Land area: 19,560 sq mi (50,660 sq km); total area: 19,730 sq mi (51,100 sq km)
Population (2022 est.): 5.139 million
Capital and largest city (2022 est.): San Jos, 1,421,000
San Jos: Capital City Profile
Monetary unit: Coln
National name: Repblica de Costa Rica
Languages: Spanish (official), English
Ethnicity/race: white or mestizo 83.6%, mulato 6.7%, indigenous 2.4%, black of African descent 1.1%, other 1.1%, none 2.9%, unspecified 2.2% (2011 est.)
National Holiday: Independence Day, September 15
Religion: Roman Catholic 76.3%, Evangelical 13.7%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.3%, other Protestant 0.7%, other 4.8%, none 3.2%
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The former southern-most province in the Spanish territory of New Spain is a Central American country of largely European rather than mestizo descent.
Since the late 19th century, only two brief periods of violence have marred its democratic development. Although still a largely agricultural country, it has achieved a relatively high standard of living. Land ownership is widespread and tourism is a rapidly expanding industry.
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