Useful country information
Location: Eastern Asia, bordering the South China Sea and China.
Area: 28.2 km² total, with 8.9 km² on a peninsula connected to China and the southern islands of Taipa (6.5 km²), Coloane (7.6 km²), and Co Tai (5.2 km², land reclaimed from the sea between Taipa and Coloane) linked by bridges and causeway.
Terrain: Flat on the Coastline, hilly and rocky on the inland.
Climate: Subtropical; hot and rainy from spring through summer, cool and humid in winter.
Nationality: Macanese (sing. and pl.).
Population: 649,335 (2020)
Ethnic groups: Chinese 95.7%, Portuguese 1.7%.
Religions: Buddhist 17%, Roman Catholic 7%, Christian 2%.
Languages: Chinese (Cantonese) language has official status and the same legal force as Portuguese, the official language.
Colonized by the Portuguese in the 16th century, Macau was the first European settlement in the Far East. Pursuant to an agreement signed by China and Portugal on 13 April 1987, Macau became the Macau Special Administrative Region (SAR) of China on 20 December 1999. China has promised that, under its "one country, two systems" formula, China's socialist economic system will not be practiced in Macau and that Macau will enjoy a high degree of autonomy in all matters except foreign and defense affairs.
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