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Where is malaria most commonly found in the world?

on 23 March 2021
Last Updated: 24 March 2021

Malaria risk areas

Malaria is found in more than 100 countries, mainly in tropical regions of the world, including:

• large areas of Africa and Asia
• Central and South America
• Haiti and the Dominican Republic
• parts of the Middle East
• some Pacific islands


In 2019, there were an estimated 229 million cases of malaria worldwide.
The estimated number of malaria deaths stood at 409 000 in 2019.

Map of malaria endemic countries
In 2019, 6 countries accounted for approximately half of all malaria deaths worldwide: Nigeria (23%), the Democratic Republic of the Congo (11%) Tanzania (5%), Burkina Faso (4%), Mozambique (4%) and Niger (4% each).
Where malaria is found depends mainly on climatic factors such as temperature, humidity, and rainfall. Malaria is transmitted in tropical and subtropical areas.

Updated list of countries
Many national and international agencies (like WHO, CDC and IAMAT)* are updating regularly the list of malaria risk countries and areas.


*World Health Organization - WHO
US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention - CDC
International Association of Medical Assistance to Travellers - IAMAT


 

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