Useful country information
Total area: 35,672 sq mi (92,391 sq km)
Population (2014 est.): 10,813,834 (growth rate: 0.12%); birth rate: 9.42/1000; infant mortality rate: 4.48/1000; life expectancy: 79.01
Capital and largest city (2011 est.) Lisbon, 2.843 million
Other large city: Porto, 1.367 million (2011)
Monetary unit: Euro (formerly escudo)
National name: Repblica Portuguesa
Languages: Portuguese (official), Mirandese (official, but locally used)
Ethnicity/race: homogeneous Mediterranean stock; less than 100,000 citizens of black African descent who immigrated to mainland during decolonization; East Europeans have entered since 1990
Religions: Religion Roman Catholic 81%, other Christian 3.3%, other 0.6%, unknown 8.3%, none 6.8% (2011 census)
Literacy rate: 95.4% (2011 est.).
An independent kingdom since 1143, Portugal established its continental frontiers in 1297 and is one of the oldest nations in Europe. The former world power during the 15th and 16th centuries lost much of its wealth and status with the destruction of Lisbon in a 1755 earthquake, the occupation during the Napoleonic Wars, and the independence in 1822 of Brazil as a colony. A 1910 revolution deposed the monarchy; for most of the next six decades, repressive governments ran the country.
In 1974, a left-wing military coup installed broad democratic reforms. The following year Portugal granted independence to all of its African colonies.
Since 1986 Portugal is a member-country of the European Union.
What is Portugal famous for?
Portugal is famous for Fado and Saudade, the cultural heart of the country. In the 15th century, the seafaring nation invented ocean-going sailing ships like the carracks and galleons and a range of navigational instruments. It was home to several Portuguese explorers, like Vasco da Gama and Ferdinand Magellan.
COUNTRY MAP WITH STATES/PROVINCES BOUNDARIES CLICK HERE
Source of Information: