Country's codes

International phone code for El Salvador: +503

Standard ISO 3166-1:

    3 letters: SLV

    2 letters (internet domain): .SV

    Digital country code 222

Standard EAN-13 (country barcode):  714

Olympic country code: ESA

FIFA code: SLV


Useful country information

Land area: 8,000 sq mi (20,720 sq km); total area: 8,124 sq mi (21,040 sq km)

Population: 6,125,512 (growth rate: 0.27%); birth rate: 16.79/1000; infant mortality rate: 18.44/1000; life expectancy: 74.18

Capital and largest city (2011 est.): San Salvador, 1.605 million

Other large cities: Santa Ana, 167,200; San Miguel, 145,100; Zacatecoluca, 36,700

Monetary units: Coln; U.S. dollar

National name: Repblica de El Salvador

Current government officials

Languages: Spanish, Nahua (among some Amerindians)

Ethnicity/race: mestizo 86.3%, white 12.7%, Amerindian 1% (2007 census)

National Holiday: Independence Day, September 15

Religions: Roman Catholic 57.1%, Protestant 21.2%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.9%, Mormon 0.7%, other religions 2.3%, none 16.8% (2003 est.)

Literacy rate: 84.5% (2010 est.)

Background:

El Salvador is the smallest Central American country it achieved independence from Spain in 1821 and from the Central American Federation in 1839.

A 12-year civil war, which cost the lives of some 75 000 people, was brought to a close in 1992 when the government and leftist rebels signed a United Nations-brokered peace agreement that provided for military and political reforms.

The Kingdom of Sweden is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe. By the 16th century Sweden had evolved into a strongly centralized nation, with Stockholm as its capital. During the 17th century the country was one of the great powers in Europe.

Since 1812 Sweden's borders have been unchanged and Sweden has not participated in any war in almost two centuries. An armed neutrality was preserved in both World Wars.

Despite its small population and large area, Sweden is a technologically advanced country with good infrastructure, including an efficient transportation and communications system.

Indecision over the country's role in the political and economic integration of Europe caused Sweden not to join the EU until 1995, and to forgo the introduction of the euro in 1999.


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