The following vaccines are the common immunizations recommended for adult travelers.
|VACCINE||Regions Where the Vaccine is Recommended||HOW DISEASE SPREADS|
|COVID 19 Vaccines||All countries||Airborne & Direct Contact
|Hepatitis A vaccine, inactivated||All low- and middle-income countries||Contaminated Food or Wate|
|Hepatitis B vaccine||All low- and middle-income countries (hepatitis B is particularly common in China)||Contaminated Body Fluids (Sex, needles, etc.)|
|Japanese encepha litis vaccine||Rural areas throughout most of Asia and South Asia, particularly in areas with rice and pig farming||Mosquito-borne|
|Meningococcal polysaccharide vaccine (MenACWY-D)||Northern Sub-Saharan Africa from Mali to Ethiopia (the meningitis belt)Throughout the world, especially in crowded living situations (such as dormitories)||Airborne or Direct Contact|
|Polio vaccine, inactivated||Afghanistan and Pakistan are the only polio-endemic countries in the world .Several countries have additional precautionary polio vaccination travel requirements,
includimg China, Indonesia, Mozambique, Myanmar, and Papua New Guinea.
|Contaminated Food or Wate|
|Rabies vaccine (human diploid cell)||All countries||Infected Animals|
|Tick-borne encephalitis vaccine||From central, eastern and northern Europe, across Russia to parts of eastern Asia, mainly in non-tropical regions||Spread mainly through tick bites|
|Typhoid vaccine||All low-income countries, especially in South Asia (including India)||Contaminated Food or Water|
|Yellow fever||Tropical South America and tropical Africa||Mosquito-borne|
Find up-to-date travel health information.Source: travel.gc.ca (external website)
Credit: travel.gc.ca - The Government of Canada’s official website.